Gum Disease / Periodontitis

What are Gingivitis and Periodontitis?

Having bad breathe, bad taste, gums bleeding or discomfort talk to Dr. Kinga Rogowska, Hollywood Florida’s neighborhood dentist.Periodontal (gum) diseases, includes gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. The word periodontal literally means “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth) causes the gums to become inflamed.

Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease causing the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily but with no bone loss. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is often caused when plaque builds up at the gum line. It is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care.

Periodontitis is the result of untreated gingivitis. With time, plaque can spread and grow below the gum line. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. The toxins stimulate a chronic inflammatory response and the tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Often, this destructive process has very mild symptoms. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.

Treatment of Gum Disease

If left untreated, plaque calcifies to form dental calculus. Dental calculus must be removed completely by the dentist in order to treat gingivitis and periodontitis. Proper dental treatment and improved home care can usually help prevent further damage.

Prevention of Gum Disease

Daily oral hygiene is vital in preventing the onset and growth of gum disease. Brushing and flossing are vital in keeping teeth free from plaque-generating bacteria.

Contact us today to set up an appointment with Dr. Rogowska to examine the health of your mouth.